Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung für die Freiheit
Long road to new government – Liberals in it for the first time
On 2 October 2022, Bosnia and Herzegovina held its ninth regular parliamentary and presidential elections amidst brewing crises, both domestic and international. The liberal party “Naša stranka” is poised to be the part of the new governing coalition. Despite some successes of progressive parties, the ethnic nationalist and conservative parties continue to dominate. All of this will make for a challenging environment in which liberals will have to manoeuvre, seeking to affirm the principles and values around which the party was built.
China's Strategic Interests
Rising tensions among the great powers are contributing to uncertainty and the security dilemma in the Indo-Pacific region. This raises the question of possible policy alternatives amidst conflictual developments. The role of smaller powers within the region and extra-regional powers, such as European countries, offers the potential to cope with the growing rivalries. In particular, it is significant to examine the position and role of Indonesia, one of the most influential members of ASEAN. Cooperation within the region and with extra-regional powers is needed to ease tensions and guarantee sustainable cooperation.
Malaysia-China Bilateral Relations
Small nations play a significant role in the regional security of the Indo-Pacific. They may act as mediators and provide a channel of communication for rival great powers. China has begun flexing its muscles and is demonstrating its strength. Malaysia maintains a balance and hedges to avoid being either entrapped or abandoned. By transforming its Armed Forces to a navy-based force and by balancing its relationships with stronger nations Malaysia may overcome its security dilemma and ensure territorial sovereignty without engaging in conflict.
The Czech Republic is looking for a president
Since 2012, the Czech president has been directly elected by citizens in two rounds of voting. Czechs enjoy this right to vote and the last presidential election in 2018 saw the highest turnout in a national election in 20 years. Thus, the presidential election has become a great show that people discuss for months and years ahead, arousing great emotions. The bookmakers are sure about the winner of the election, the polls are groping in the dark and a third of the voters are still undecided. So what can we expect in the first and second rounds of the presidential election?
Can we do it?
For a good two decades, Germany has been dominated by the basic green message of energy policy, which for dogmatic reasons does not allow any technological openness when nuclear energy is considered. The question is whether Germany is making a major mistake with technologically and economically fatal consequences if it shuts down all nuclear power plants "as planned" next April instead of continuing to operate them for at least a few more years and waiting to see where things go. One fact is clear: a modern infrastructure is needed, analyzes Karl-Heinz Paqué.
For decades, energy and heat suppliers as well as the transport and chemical industries have relied predominantly on fossil fuels. Hydrogen plays an important role in the energy and mobility transition. There are still a number of unanswered questions regarding the production and transport of this energy carrier. Existing power plants must first be converted for use in heat or electricity production. However, experts expect that hydrogen can be used in a climate-neutral way in many sectors from 2050 onwards, analyses Frank Lassak, a journalist in Berlin.
The Foundation for Freedom in Germany and the World
Based on the principles of liberalism, the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom offers political education in Germany and abroad. Our headquarter is located in Potsdam, and we maintain offices throughout Germany and in over 60 countries around the world.
With our events and publications, we help people to become actively involved in political affairs. We support talented young students with scholarships.
60 years of Franco-German Relations
The ceremony marking the 60th anniversary of the Élysée Treaty has shown that both countries agree on the challenges of our time, but Franco-German relations could certainly be in better shape, at least at the highest political level. Even before announcing multi-billion investments in the French military, French President Macron stated that he would deliver light combat tanks (AMX 10-RC) vehicles to Ukraine, while also not ruling out the delivery of Leclerc battle tanks. The announcement can be interpreted as a signal to Chancellor Scholz for Germany to finally deliver Leopard 2 tanks.
Life on the back burner: How Ukraine's food industry survives without light
The Russian missile attacks have left Ukraine's energy infrastructure in ruins. This is having a particularly severe impact on civilian life in Ukraine. However, Russia's new war doctrine also poses an existential threat to the Ukrainian food industry and the general food supply. Despite the danger to life and limb, the destroyed infrastructure, the interrupted logistics and the shortage of labour, the companies managed to adapt and work under these conditions, as an analysis by our experts Maximilian Luz Reinhardt and Tetyana Ustymenko reveals.
Final assessment of the Czech EU Presidency
The last EU meetings under the Czech Presidency are taking place this week. It became clear now that the Czech Republic is a credible and reliable partner for other members states. During its EU Presidency, the country had to deal mainly with the crisis agenda, focusing on energy issues and negotiating very complex packages such as the climate package and support for Ukraine. Especially in the energy sector, the Czechs proved to be good negotiators, focusing on pragmatic compromises.
"Liberalism needs Democracy"
The famous US political scientist Francis Fukuyama explains in an interview with freiheit.org why populists and nationalists will fail. The political leaders in these countries are transfiguring the past in a nationalistic nostalgia and not providing adequate solutions. How liberal is our international order? Why are we witnessing a new upsurge of anti-liberal forces right now? Even if there is no automatism for liberal democracy, it is still worth fighting for. Its foundation of human and moral truth , that all people have a minimum of freedom, that they are respected and treated fairly, is universal.
Migration dispute between Berlin and Rome
The traffic light coalition in Berlin will in future fund private sea rescue in the Mediterranean with 2 million euros annually - until 2026. In conjunction with the still valid "Dublin III Regulation", which places the main burden of asylum procedures on the countries of first arrival in the EU, this has drawn some sharp criticism from Italy. The issue of migration is known to divide society here and has been a central theme in frequent election campaigns for years. The success of the right-wing government of Fratelli d'Italia, Lega, and Forza Italia in this September's elections can also be attributed in part to the heated migration debate.
France's New Security Strategy
NATO foreign ministers are meeting in Bucharest today to discuss further action in the Ukraine war. The Atlantic Alliance expects further Russian attacks on Ukrainian energy supplies in the coming days and weeks. French President Emmanuel Macron, in presenting the new national security strategy, also ultimately prepared the French people for the possibility of a war into which France could be drawn. The country does not need to make a U-turn with its strategic military culture, as Germany has done with the "Zeitenwende" in its foreign and security policy.
Resource Dependency from China: A Possible Way Out for Europe
After months of crisis experience with Russia’s manoeuvring in energy policy, Europe has learned the hard way: it is not advisable to rely majorly on one single partner when it comes to essential resources. This applies especially when the trust relationship with that partner has already been burdened by tensions and scepticism from the beginning. Now Europe is struggling desperately with the effects of the Russian attack on Ukraine and its economic consequences. There can only be one conclusion: Don’t rely on one partner only!
Europe and Greece: a common destiny
The Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom's opinion poll on "EUROPE" shows that Greece's future is linked to its common European destiny. Greece's integration into the European community symbolized - and indeed was - a means to progress: securing national integrity after the Turkish invasion of Cyprus (1974), stability in Greek politics after decades of turbulent history, ending economic backwardness, and rapprochement with other European societies and their high standard of living. Until the 2010s, being pro-European and supporting the Union was almost a given, as Europe was both an ideal and a social prerogative in the eyes of Greeks.
Too much influence for the extreme right
Sweden is experiencing a dramatic change of government. For the first time in the history of the Scandinavian country, a minority government of conservatives, Christian Democrats and one of the two liberal parties is supported in parliament by the far-right Sweden Democrats. A power shift that catapults the far-right into the center of power. While parts of the Swedish Liberals remain skeptical of government participation, the new government under Ulf Kristersson begins work.
Italy has voted - right-wing alliance achieves clear majority
The radical right achieves a historic victory in Italy. The far-right Fratelli d'Italia party becomes the strongest force by far and is thus likely to lead the future government. What are the consequences of the right-wing alliance's election victory for the country and the EU? An analysis by our expert David Henneberger.
Italy's entanglements with Russia and the parties' energy programs
Russia and Italy have been more closely linked since the 1960s than many realize. Italy was home to the largest communist party this side of the Iron Curtain in Europe, and its business community concluded one lucrative industrial and energy treaty after another with Russia - at the behest not least of Italy's conservative Christian Democrats.
Meloni's march towards Rome - Italy threatened with a shift to the right
For the first time, a woman has the chance to become Italy's prime minister. Giorgia Meloni is female, modern and - ultra-right. She has managed to transform her party, the "Fratelli d’Italia (FdI)” (Brothers of Italy), from a fringe party to the strongest political force that also finds acceptance in the bourgeois camp. How could this happen? An attempt to explain the Meloni phenomenon.
Ukraine's food industry: a lifeline under pressure
The Ukrainian economy is suffering heavily under Russia’s war of aggression. So far, one can only make assumptions about the full extent of the economic damages. The same goes for the material losses of Ukrainian businesses. However, an initial assessment has now been made possible via a survey conducted by the European Business Association.
Social Market EconomyAll
Migrant Founders Monitor 2021
Founders with a migration background play an important role in the start-up ecosystem. With a share of a good 20 %, they are the driving force of economic innovation in Germany. The Migrant Founders Monitor 2021 examines for the first time the connection between migration and start-ups in Germany.
Economic concepts in children's and young adult literature
Books for children and young adults have a decisive influence on cognitive development and shape their view of the world. This study examines the extent to which economic facts appear in these books. It concludes that there is a wide range of approaches. They include clichés and stereotypes but also balanced and pedagogically valuable treatments of economic topics.
The Clash of Systems – Wie Afrikaner den Wettbewerb zwischen Europa und China auf ihrem Kontinent wahrnehmen
Over the past fifteen years, China has positioned itself as a major partner and investor in Africa. In infrastructure projects and trade in raw materials, China has displaced Europe as the most important partner on the continent.
The Clash of Systems?
Over the past fifteen years, China has positioned itself as a major partner and investor in Africa. In infrastructure projects and trade in raw materials, China has displaced Europe as the most important partner on the continent. This new competition is putting European trade, investment and development policies in Africa to the test.
China's influence in Europe
Over the past decade the impact of China's economy has been increasing consequently with far reaching dependencies worldwide. While China has not been using traditional military force to expand its power, we can see clear instances where China uses political and economic coercion to reach its goals. This has led many counties to label China as a “systemic rival”. And that begs the question: What does China’s rise mean for the world?
International Day against Homophobia, Bi-, Inter- and Transphobia 2022
The Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom is committed to an open society in which diversity has a chance. Diversity has many facets: ethnic origin, sexual identity, gender, nationality, age, but also lifestyle, education, religious and political convictions or life experience.
Will Zambia’s elections 2021 be free and fair?
This election period has certainly seen an uneven playing field. Zambia is one of the fastest declining democracies globally. Arbitrary arrests and detentions without charge have become commonplace with Hakainde Hichilema having been detained on 15 occasions. Although COVID-19 restrictions have prevented parties from campaigning in the usual ways, President Edgar Lungu and his running mate have continued touring the country on ‘official business’, Hichilema can't!
Human Rights Work 2020
Human rights are particularly threatened in times of Corona. Disinformation and right-wing populism endanger liberal democracies worldwide. With our liberal human rights work, we actively support projects for digital education, the rule of law, tolerance and media freedom. The year 2020 was dominated by the global issue of disinformation and false news.
Work-Family Balance, Traditions, Gender Discrimination
The decades-long economic miracle that has propelled South Korea into the top ten most efficient economies in the world has its flaws: The country is also one of the leading nations in the "gender pay gap" category, which refers to the difference in income between men and women. The two authors Choyoung Son and Darja-Neufeld derive the current situation from the historical development and present recommendations for the future.
Deadly Traffic Sparks Unrest
On July 29, a speeding bus killed two students on their way to school in Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka. The deadly accident sparked mass protests with students demanding more safety on the roads from the authorities. In a country where fatal road collisions are quite common, the students’ death could have passed as an everyday occurrence. But this time it triggered widespread anger on social media, a wave of student protests and a brutal crackdown by the authorities.