Religion and Corruption
INPUMA (International Institute of Public Policy and Management) is back with their INPUMA Policy Talk Series 4: Religion and Corruption
Event date: 19 July 2021
- Prof.Dato’ Arif Perkasa
Dr.Mohd Asri Zainul Abidin
Mufti, Kerajaan Negeri Perlis
- Prof Dr Nurliah Nurdin - Profesor Sains Politik, Institute Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri (IPDN), Direktur Politeknik STIA LAN Jakarta
- Dr KJ John, Founder Director, Oriental Hearts and Mind Study Institute (OHMSI)
Moderator: Encik Jufitri Joha - (Presiden, Majlis Belia Malaysia (MBM))
Corruption is illegal because it clearly violates the rights of others. There are parties that accept bribes, so people who deserve something can't get it, and those who deserve to work aren't on the job, so flaws in society will occur.
When we look at it, it appears that religious life is growing in Malaysia and Indonesia, but the issue of corruption appears to be unresolved and unmanageable. Religion undoubtedly adds value to people's lives. It is certain that a good Muslim will not be involved in corruption if it is based on nas-nas (words or sentences from the Qur'an or hadith that are used as a reason or basis for making a decision (as a term in Islamic law). in Islam. Perhaps we don't have a single study on whether religion has an impact or not, and why corruption persists despite the fact that religious awareness is high in the community. Prof.Dato’ Arif Perkasa Dr.Mohd Asri Zainul Abidin explained that religion has two important parts: First, tells of a servant's direct relationship with God (Prayers, Fasting, etc), Second, it teaches that humans must be civilized and moral, The second part teaches about corruption, but we see that it is not the case. Many Ulama or scholars did not speak or lecture his people about corruption because if they did, they would meet the government, whereas many religious speakers like to be close to or accompany the government in order to get a position on the government side, especially if they have certain political tendencies; if their political party get a position, then they will not speak about corruption.
Religion is a general belief, not an individual's point of view or conviction. Dr KJ John, divide religion into two categories: First, General, one assumption that is widely echoed by religion, and Second, conviction. If we are to fight corruption, we have to have our own stand.
There is a difference between behaviour and action. What we choose and act is action, if we copy others or follow others is called action.
From several studies, countries that have large populations find it difficult to minimize corruption. The vast expanse of territory, the hierarchy of power reaches the village, and to convey information about religion and corruption takes time. In Indonesia, 87.2% are Muslim. Data from Perguruan Tinggi Ilmu Al-Qur’an or College of Qur'anic Sciences (2018) shows that 35% can read the Al-Qur’an. When it comes to religion, does it determine the direction of a person's actions to commit acts of corruption? The next question is, are they understand the religion yet? I'm afraid that religion will only be a symbol, said Prof Dr Nurliah Nurdin. To have us as a basis for action might be a bit untrue when it comes to data. Because 8 big countries to 20 big countries in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) are considered clean countries, religion is just that.
According to a 2017 study by the Indonesian survey institute, the more religious you are, the more you will be anti-corruption. Corruption behaviour continues and has nothing to do with religious issues.
Good governance strongly influence minimum corruption.