Human Rights
Human Rights Report 2018

Being committed to freedom means being committed to human rights
Menschenrechtsbericht

The International Human Rights Projects of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom 2017–2018.

  • Dear reader

    As in previous years, the main causes of worldwide human rights violations during 2017 – 2018 were war, displacement, poverty and corruption.
    The armed conflicts in Syria, Yemen and South Sudan remain unresolved and result
    in terrible war crimes and human rights abuses almost daily. Globally,
    nearly 70 million people are fleeing from conflict or trying to escape the poverty
    and hopelessness of their home countries. On their desperate journeys, women
    and children are commonly subjected to horrific human rights abuses. Basic human rights are under severe pressure, not just in the global South, but also
    in Europe.

    Recent declines in media freedom and freedom of expression are especially
    worrying. In North Korea, Iran, Saudi Arabia and China, such freedoms are
    non-existent. In Russia and Turkey, journalists are systematically harassed. Since
    the attempted coup in Turkey in 2016, more than 100 journalists, some of them
    German,have been arrested on grounds of terrorism. Some have been convicted.
    Even in the European Union (EU), the safety of journalists is not guaranteed,
    as illustrated by the murders of the journalists Daphne Galizia in Malta
    and Jan Kuciak in Slovakia, who were investigating corruption and stories linked
    to the leaked Panama Papers, in which prominent politicians and businesspeople
    were implicated.

    Globally, authoritarianism and right-wing populism are on the rise,endangering
    freedom of the press and freedom of expression. Those who deliberately
    deploy false facts and lies to fuel the public’s fears, to divide society and
    draw political capital from such splits, have no use for a professional and critical
    press.

    In Germany, journalists attending some right-wing demonstrations and
    rallies require police protection because of credible threats of violence. Certain
    European states, such as Poland and Hungary, have systematically defamed and
    undermined the free press by enforcing public media conformity and purchasing
    private media.

    Without effective freedom of expression and freedom of the press,
    which guarantee our right to information, our democracy is deliberately weakened
    and destroyed. The existence of the constitutional state is also threatened because
    legislative independence is being systematically eroded, as shown by
    the constitutional crises in Poland and Hungary, which have triggered so-called
    rule of law procedures by the EU.

    These human rights challenges are the reason why the Friedrich Naumann
    Foundation for Freedom (FNF) offers civic education in Germany and
    abroad. Seventy years after the signing of the Universal Declaration of Human
    Rights, and sixty years after the Foundation’s founding, it promotes human rights
    in more than 50 countries. Freedom of the press and freedom of expression are
    cornerstones of democracy and therefore deserve our particular attention.
    In the globalised, digital world of the 21st century, human rights crises
    concern us all, no matter where they occur. We feel the effects of such crises,
    such as flight, migration or extremism, on our own doorsteps. The initial political
    response should not be to pass repressive laws that further limit freedom; rather,
    it should be to support and strengthen human rights locally.
    Our first human rights report gives an overview of our human rights
    projects on several continents. Simultaneously, we wish to stimulate debate on a
    coherent human rights policy framework for Europe and the world. The report’s
    publication date is 4 November, which marks the signing of the European
    Convention on Human Rights in 1950. Up to now, 47 states have pledged to observe
    universal human rights. It is a date we should keep in mind not only today,
    but one that we should take to heart every day.

  • In our increasingly globalised world, where production networks and supply chains cover virtually every part of the planet, multinational corporations are having a growing impact on human rights. This poses the question: how can we benefit from a growing global economy while still protecting human rights? The Foundation for Freedom
    is pushing for the implementation of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in Germany and abroad. In addition, in countries where the Foundation
    has a footprint, it campaigns against business-related human rights abuses. A fundamental part of this is ensuring that workers in the agricultural sector of the global South have land rights.
     

60 years of international human rights projects
60 years of international human rights projects
  • Human rights challenges differ from country to country, and there is no onesize-fits-all approach. The Foundation for Freedom therefore tailors its human rights activities to local requirements, focusing on the most pressing issues in each region. The main thread running through our work is to educate people about their human rights. Doing so helps prevent human rights abuses in the long term and lays the foundation for a fair and tolerant society. As such, the Foundation also interprets its core mission – to
    promote civic education and democracy – as including human rights education.

  • Human rights express an attitude towards life

    Feeling free is something specific to each individual, but freedom is
    also a regulating principle that transcends borders. The same applies to human
    rights: although they are universal principles of order, they also reflect an individual
    wish to work towards a world that grows more connected on the basis of
    shared fundamental values.
    The philosopher Isaiah Berlin illustrated this challenge by describing
    human rights as inalienable, global goods which lie in the interest of every human
    by virtue of being human, and not by virtue of belonging to such and such a religion
    or nation or having such and such a job or character. In Berlin’s conception,
    doing the right thing means satisfying these demands and protecting people
    from those who would abuse or deny them.
    Human rights therefore have to be every government’s guiding principle.
    When we talk about countries, we are not talking about artificial constructs,
    but the actual living conditions of people. Acting in accordance with the universal
    applicability of human rights means having a real interest in improving concrete
    living conditions.
    As we celebrate 70 years of human rights this year, we do so knowing
    that together, we have achieved much. 1966 saw history being made with the recognition
    of two covenants – the International Covenant on Civil and Political
    Rights (“civil rights and liberties”) and the International Covenant on Economic,
    Social and Cultural Rights (“social rights”). Seeing human rights as the basis of
    our political, cultural and social existence, rather than just rights of defence, was
    considered revolutionary then.
    Let us also think back to 2002, when the International Criminal Court
    (ICC) was finally established in The Hague. The ICC has not yet lived up to its full
    potential, but it still represents a major milestone on the path to making human
    rights enforceable and to protecting people against crimes against humanity. The
    greatest achievement in the 70 years of the Universal Declaration of Human
    Rights is that, to this day, it has provided people all over the world with orientation
    in their fight for freedom and dignity.
     

    Gyde Jensen, MP Chairperson of the Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs Committee of the German Bundestag.